Basic Materials Used In Making A Picoturbine Windmill For Your Science Fair Project

Magnet, copper wire, aluminum wire, screws and clips, cardboard, and wood are the basic materials to used in making your own PicoTurbine windmill science fair project.

A PicoTurbine is a small windmill structure functioning to produce a small scale electric energy. A windmill structure is a very suitable science project idea for renewable energy topics. It is an ideal science fair project because it can be built easily. The materials used to make such project can also be easily found in any hardware store. PicoTurbine windmill is basically made from the list of items below.


The magnet is basically used to attach with the rotor disk place above the wooden base of the PicoTurbine. It’s securely attached with a double sided tape to a thick cardboard to function as a rotor mechanism. When the rotor spins the magnet’s magnetic field will release enough voltage to light the light emitting diode or LED.

Copper wire

A copper wire is used as a pathway of the PicoTurbine’s electric circuit. It is generally used in building the stator segment of the turbine. It is also use to transport the voltage in lighting up the light emitting diode or LED. Expose the copper wire on the end of the coils with sandpaper. Remember to get rid of any enamel left on the copper to have an efficient stator.

Aluminum wire

An aluminum wire is used to assemble the base and yoke of the windmill. Wrap the aluminum around the dowel. Bend and loop the aluminum wire with pliers to form the yoke as well. The yolk and dowel can then be placed on the center of a wooden base by screwing it with Philips head screw.

Screws and clips

Screws and clips are essential bearing parts that are used in assembling the different segments of a PicoTurbine windmill. A Philips head screw is specifically used to attach the yoke and the axle of the windmill. Retaining clips are metal clips that fastened the dowel to the rotor. Screws and clips are the joints and tendons of the whole PicoTurbine skeletal structure.


The cardboard is the base support of the paper blade and turbine patterns. A cut-out paper template is glued to the cardboard to give it more weight. A cardboard is also used to support the magnet and the rotor.


Wood is basically used as a foundation of the PicoTurbine. Since wood is a solid material and can easily be screwed, it is an essential base to hold all of the windmill’s parts. An 8? by 5? wood is the ideal size for an 8? PicoTurbine windmill. A half inch thickness of the wooden base is also a complementing support.

Prepare all the necessary materials completely before you will start building your PicoTurbine windmill. PicoTurbine windmill kits are also available in the market to ensure that you have all the materials that you need. Scissors, screw driver, and ruler are the tools that may come in handy.